Policy Overview

Basic Plan on Renewable Energy

South Korea operates a number of renewable energy policy measures under a ‘Basic Plan on Renewable Energy’, which is usually renewed every five years and applies to a period of ten years or more. The latest ‘5th Basic Plan on Renewable Energy: 2020-2034’ (5th Basic Plan) was finalized in 2020. The 5th Basic Plan set a target for generating 22.2% renewable energy and 3.6% ‘new’ energy (such as hydrogen) by 2034. The Plan is intended to complement the overall power generation strategy set by the ‘9th Basic Plan on Long-Term Electricity Supply and Demand: 2020-2034', which was also announced in December 2020.

Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS)

One of the major renewable energy regulations in operation in South Korea is the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS). The RPS requires that any energy generator over 500MW must produce a certain proportion of renewable energy within its power generation. Within the RPS, several types of energy are classed as renewable energy and are given different weightings: solar energy and offshore wind are given highest weighting, but also included are energy sources such as biogas, landfill gas, and waste-to-energy. The RPS applies to the majority state-owned Korea Electric Power Company (KEPCO) and its subsidiaries, but also to larger private power generation companies such as POSCO Energy, SK E&S, and GS Power.

In December 2021, the Ministry of Trade Industry and Energy (MOTIE) announced that the State Council had approved the required 2022 renewables generation proportion of 12.5%, up from 9% in 2021. The State Council also approved a plan to increase the quota to 25% in 2026, however it is unclear whether this will be amended by the new Yoon Seok-yeol government, elected in March 2022.

Korean RE-100 (K-RE100)

In January 2021, MOTIE announced the launching of a ‘Korean RE100 (K-RE100)’ policy. The policy was announced in response to the global ‘RE100’ campaign run by The Climate Group and CDP, in which companies commit to procuring 100% renewable electricity. The K-RE100 policy widens the options for companies to purchase renewable electricity within Korea, including enabling the use of Third-Party Power Purchase Agreements (3rd Party PPAs) without going through KEPCO, the purchase of Renewable Energy Certificates (REC), and on-site generation.

In August 2022, the Consultative Advisory Body on the Long-term Electricity Plans announced a working draft of the ‘10th Basic Plan on Long-term Electricity Supply and Demand: 2022-2036’, which aims to reflect the implementation of South Korea’s more ambitious 2030 NDC GHG emissions reduction target of 40%, submitted in December 2021. See the ‘Energy Transition’ tracker page for further details on renewable energy in the overall energy mix.

Evidence Profile



opposing not supporting mixed/unclear
supporting strongly supporting

Policy Engagement Overview

The aggregated evidence of corporate and industry engagement with the South Korean renewable energy policies shows support from some cross-sector industry associations, the Korea Business Council for Sustainable Development (KBCSD), and the Korea New and Renewable Energy Association (KNREA).

Several major corporates have also supported renewable energy policy. Most of the support seems to be for market-based renewable energy legislation such as Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) and Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs).

Policy Engagement Trends

Support for renewable energy policy in South Korea has grown steadily since 2020. Korea International Trade Association (KITA), the Korea New and Renewable Energy Association (KNREA), and the Korea Business Council for Sustainable Development (KBCSD) have all advocated to the South Korean government for improved renewable energy policy. In January 2022, KNREA strongly supported increased ambition for the Korea Renewable Energy 3020 Plan and the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) system.

Major cross-sector industry associations including the Korea International Trade Association (KITA) and the Korea Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI), have also supported renewable energy policy. In July 2022, KITA advocated to the new government for incentives and tax credits for using renewable energy as well as improved PPAs. In November 2021, KCCI directly advocated to the Ministry of Trade Industry and Energy to increase incentives and technology development support for use of renewable energy.

LG Chem has shown active support for renewable energy policy and investments in South Korea since 2021. In 2021, KEPCO supported the Korean Government’s Renewable 3020 Policy and advocated for increased investment in renewable energy projects.

Other Korean corporates have broadly supported market-based renewable energy policies such as the K-RE100 and the PPA system, including LOTTE Chemical, POSCO SK Inc, SK Hynix and Hanwha Solutions also showed broad support for government renewable energy policy.

Evidence Profile



opposing not supporting mixed/unclear
supporting strongly supporting

Live Lobbying Alerts

KITA appears to support GHG emission reduction targets and renewable energy legislation

20 July 2022

In Korea International Trade Association's (KITA) July 19th policy recommendation, containing the opinions of 342 CEOs of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), KITA supported quantifying external emissions and GHG emissions reduction target of SMEs to foster a carbon neutral system. The association also supported renewable energy legislation, such as Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) and tax incentives, for SMEs to increase their demand on renewables.

Korea Enterprises Federation supports ambitious reform of renewable energy regulations

13 January 2023

In an op-ed article for Herald Biz on December 29th, the Korea Enterprises Federation (KEF) called for reform of renewable energy regulations, such as renewable energy cost and power grid charging standards, stating that the government should “create an environment in which companies can actively respond to carbon neutrality”. KEF also supported an increase in renewables and nuclear in the energy mix of South Korea for energy security.

Entities Engaged on Policy

The table below lists the entities found to be most engaged with the policy. InfluenceMap tracks over 400 companies and 200 industry associations globally. Each entity name links to its full InfluenceMap profile, where the evidence of its engagement can be found.

Influencemap Performance BandOrganizationEngagement Intensity
E-Federation of Korean Industries (FKI)20All SectorsAsia
D+Doosan Enerbility (formerly Doosan Heavy Industries)16IndustrialsAsia
D+Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO)28UtilitiesAsia
D+Korea International Trade Association (KITA)14All SectorsAsia
D+SK E&S13EnergyAsia
D-SK Inc.15All SectorsAsia
CLG Chem28ChemicalsAsia
DKorea Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI)26All SectorsAsia
D+SK Hynix8Information TechnologyAsia
B+Korea New and Renewable Energy Association (KNREA)11EnergyAsia
D+POSCO29Metals & MiningAsia
D+Lotte Chemical10ChemicalsAsia
D+S-Energy8Information TechnologyAsia
C-Samsung Electronics14Information TechnologyAsia
N/AKorea Electronics Association (KEA)2Information TechnologyAsia
D-Korea Enterprises Federation (KEF)16All SectorsAsia
D+SK Innovation Co12EnergyAsia
D+Korea Business Council for Sustainable Development (KBCSD)8All SectorsAsia
C-KT Corporation6TelecommunicationsAsia